FDM, the most common and cost-effective 3D printing technology, creates items by extruding plastic filaments. However, FDM machines do not have the same accuracy as other AM methods like SLS or SLA. Prototypes are frequently made using plastics using this method. As a result, for industrial and end-use components, producers may use SLS (using plastic powders) or SLA (using plastic resins) technologies, which provide greater precision and part quality. These 3d printer plastic cost a lot.
- Polylactic Acid (PLA) — It’s probably not surprising that one of the world’s most widely used bioplastics would also dominate in 3D printing. PLA is a biodegradable thermoplastic aliphatic polyester manufactured from sustainable, organic materials such as corn starch or sugarcane. It is extensively utilised in the production of food packaging as well as biodegradable medical devices and implants. PLA is ideal for 3D printing since it is simple to work with, eco-friendly, comes in a range of colours, and can be used as a resin or filament. The 3d printer plastic cost a lot of money.
- ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) — ABS is another material often used in 3D printing. It is a terpolymer formed by polymerizing styrene and acrylonitrile with polybutadiene. Beginners particularly like it because of its ease of use in filament form, as well as its durability, strength, heat resistance, cost-effectiveness, and flexibility.
ABS, on the other hand, is losing favour among 3D hobbyists who prefer the eco-friendlier characteristics of PLA since it is petroleum-based and not biodegradable. Furthermore, when heated in a 3D printer for creation, ABS can emit fumes that might be annoying